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Thank you sir for your insightful article. The article has covered all the developmental phases of the manufacturing industry. Through my comment I would like to add my bit to it. In current scenario manufacturing sector is growing by leaps and bounds. In context of India, it is the currently the sector that can generate maximum employment opportunities. If we analyze at the GDP growth of India, maximum contribution is of the manufacturing sector except for the latest quarter of 2017-18. This is the reason why the government of India is keen and actively participating in upgrading and adopting new technology. Amidst the environment of geopolitical uncertainty the world is looking for a very conservative yet high on returns line. World is looking at India as a very promising spot of development. Therefore India is considering every possible means to improve the ease of doing business in the country. Growing FDI is the testimony of the efforts. There are number of other advancement in this field which is making it the next North Star among all the sectors. Now company take decision keeping in loop the end customers and their preferences. This is laying emphasis on B2B2C businesses model. They are trying to manage growing customer expectation by taking greater control over the value chain from R&D to delivery and downstream processes. This shift in emphasis will not only lead to value addition and value engineering but also to cost optimization. This is one of the crucial factor in such a price sensitive industry. Agile manufacturing is the addition on the similar lines. It is seen as a next step after lean manufacturing. This help in creating processes, tools and training to respond quickly to customer needs and market changes while still controlling costs and quality. Supply chain and logistics also play an important role in making the processes effective. Introduction of Multimodal logistics will reduce the expense and time on transportation. There is emerging trend in the industry of environmentally friendly products. Now the customer is aware of this change and is moving towards these products. The industry has to take this into consideration and develop products accordingly. Using better data collection and analytics platform manufacturers have more visibility of their production and operation. This help in efficient planning and on time delivery. JIT is one such methodology which help in producing just what is demanded thus eliminating the waste, inconsistencies and unreasonable requirements resulting in improved productivity. This will result in low inventory and therefore low related costs. So all the technologies mentioned above will lead to decrease in the manpower requirement but at the same time there are many areas where it will take much time and efforts to replace human presence. Human resource will always be needed for introduction of innovative and creative ideas. Manufacturing industry is moving from the conventional technology to modern techniques and automation is the part of this change. Automation is resulting in reducing errors, ensuring repeatability and reproducibility and carrying out repetitive tasks more efficiently so the change is important and inevitable. These changes for sure will reduce the current manpower requirement but at the same time will generate new and better employment avenues.

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