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Dear Jayaraman Sir, thank you so much for this joyful article on how manufacturing sector has evolved over ages. The current phase is considered as an “Industrial revolution 4.0” which will lead to large scale automation in manufacturing industry which poses a threat to employment due to reduction of labour force. This concern is very aptly highlighted in the above blog. As you have highlighted in the last para about the upcoming trends in manufacturing like IOT, Artificial intelligence etc. I would like to further elaborate on it. Those times are not far when an engineer sitting on his desk at a remote location sipping a cup of coffee will be able to keep an eye on all the work in process inventory, assembly lines and be able to identify if there is any fault in systems in place or everything is working fine. This is the power of IOT. While all the repetitive tasks will be handled by bots and people management, customer service centres & resolving queries will be done by artificial intelligence. Can you imagine that a person sitting in UK or Germany can take a live tour of a plant in India through Augmented reality (AR), eliminating the transport costs of flying down to India. Lot of advance simulation techniques allow you to input your experiment parameters and show results based on how it will affect the outcome. This helps in trying out various iterations beforehand reducing the product changes in case of new product launch. Also as 3D printing is getting more and more widely accepted we will see mass customisation of articles. Each and every customer will be able to get a product tailor made as per his desires and requirements at low costs. Rapid prototyping has transformed the product development cycle by easing the process of making prototypes and allowing developer to try out various types of designs and models. These technologies will overcome previous design constraints that were prevalent in conventional manufacturing processes. An item which consisted of an assembly of different parts can be directly 3D printed as a single whole product much faster. Now the big question that rises in front of us is that “Will these advancements steal our jobs from us?” I believe they won’t, rather it will just change the type of jobs that we do. For an example a horse cart rider as they became obsolete slowly switched to rickshaws and now lot of them have affiliated to Ola & Uber. During this transformation one has to keep learning new skills like driving to using smartphones and digital apps. Hence it is all about how efficiently you adapt to changes and mould yourself. It’s a continuous cycle of “learn, unlearn and relearn” which you need to adopt to survive in this fast developing world. Hence with old jobs getting curbed it will give rise to new jobs just with different skillset requirements. I would like to conclude saying that let us embrace this change by better equipping ourselves and grooming our skills to make the most out the transformation in this industry.

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