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Thank you for sharing your valuable thoughts on this topic Professor. However, I do have a contrarian view on some of the subject matter discussed here. Just like yourself, I too received a whatsapp forward last year on independence day where military historian General G D Bakshi through his book 'Bose: An Indian Samurai : Netaji and the INA : a Military Assessment' claimed that Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose's INA had more impact on British rulers than Gandhiji's non violence movement. Citing a conversation that took place in 1956 between the then British PM Richard Atlee and then Governor of West Bengal Justice PB Chakraborty where the real factors that led to the British quit India were discussed. One of the main reasons stated was the erosion of loyalty to the British crown among the Indian Army and Navy personnel as a result of military activities done by Netaji. Towards the end of this discussion, Atlee further revealed that Gandhiji's influence on the British decision to quit India was 'minimal' wryly. To understand Atlee's assertion further let us travel back in history to 1945 where the Allied powers Britain, USA had won the second World war and wanted to impose justice on the defeated armies including Netaji's INA that was put on trial for treason, torture, murder in a series of court martial which came to be known as the Red Fort Trials. These trials infuriated Indians serving in the British armed forces leading to mutiny by 20,000 sailors aboard Royal Indian Navy serving on 78 ships against the British empire, bringing down the Union Jack and chanting 'Jai Hind' slogans in Mumbai holding portraits of Netaji , INA forcing the British to join in by disobeying their orders completely too. There were similar instances of rebellion followed in Royal Indian Air force and the British Indian Army units in Jabalpur which left the British petrified. More so, with over 2.5 million Indian soldiers being decommissioned post World War II with only 40,000 British troops stationed in India at that time, the empire was largely outnumbered and thus was in no mood to fight the battle hardened Indian soldiers who were already inflamed and could not be relied upon further. It is under these circumstances that Britain decided to grant Independence to India, this is in no way to undermine the contributions by Gandhiji and other leaders as highlighted in your blog but to illuminate the significant role played by Netaji and INA in contributing towards 'Swaraj' in the public eye and not being dismissed merely in a few paragraphs of school textbooks. The time has come to revisit modern Indian history and acknowledge the leadership style that Netaji imbibed and exuded which was in its highest form i.e. 'transformational' as he not only idealized influence but inspired motivation, intellectually stimulated his followers and soldiers by appealing to their nascent patriotism even long after he was gone! Although rising early through the echelons of leadership, he was ousted from Congress leadership just like Rama but strategically rallied support from the Axis powers and British Indian Army in the cause for India's struggle for Independence akin to Krishna's leadership style viz. providing strategic advise, guidelines and devising action plans for pulsating victory. Therefore, Netaji can also be a leader in between Rama and Krishna who being from an affluent family just like Gandhiji was a visionary born to lead since a young age due to the grim circumstances prevalent (British Raj) back then. Netaji's leadership style is supreme example of indomitable attitude, talent, courage, conviction and determination in the relentless pursuit for India's freedom and liberty. He is a forgotten super hero who is admired, fondly remembered by current leader and eminent PM Narendra Modi even to this day.

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